Exploring the environmental and climate change impact on the Rivers of Pakistan Through Long Term Photography Project.


Pakistan is facing severe degradation of freshwater resources, threatening its environment and economy. Among the freshwater resources, rivers particularly are facing multiple problems such as; trans- boundary water exploitation, pollution, diversion and climate change. 

impact on people

An estimated 40% of all deaths in Pakistan are caused by ingesting contaminated water — water filled with industrial waste, arsenic, diseases, and sewage. As recently as the late 1990s, Pakistan’s water supply was still drinkable, but today, to drink anything but filtered or bottled water is to risk disease and death.

Pakistan has long relied on the Indus Basin Aquifer, which is larger than Britain, but it has become contaminated with arsenic. Worse, it is on track to eventually run dry from increasing overuse.

In Pakistan, water resources and aquatic biodiversity are vulnerable due to the intra-boundary and transboundary water management, pollution and climate change. Anthropogenic climate changes result from over exploitation of resources by man for industrial, agricultural and energy demands. Limited water resources cannot fulfil the demands of densely populated countries and may also trigger severe water crises among regional countries. Pakistan and India are both facing the same situation, but at the same time struggling to harvest maximum water resources for hydro power, water diversion and irrigation purposes. These projects are severely affecting the human population and aquatic biodiversity in the downstream of rivers. The current challenge is the protection of aquatic life from flow reduction, diversion, pollution and climate change. Every mega hydro-project must be designed to be ecofriendly and past projects must be re-evaluated and modified to make them sustainable. Sustainable natural resource management can only protect and conserve biodiversity from climate change on the basis of collaborative efforts. There is urgent need for an integrated global approach to reduce the impacts of climate change by adopting eco-friendly life styles and approaches.